Workers carrying sections of leaf are protected by tiny workmates that ‘ride shotgun; on the leaf. Next to humans, these ants form the largest and most complex animal societies on Earth. In a few years, the central mound of their underground nests can grow to more than 98 ft across, with smaller, radiating mounds extending out to a radius of 260 ft, taking up 320 to 6,500 sq ft and containing eight million individuals.
These lizards are found mainly in the northern regions of Australia and southern New Guinea. The lizard inhabits humid climates such as those in the tropical savannah woodlands. The lizard is an arboreal lizard, meaning it spends a majority of its time in the trees.
Adults have a diverse repertoire of vocalizations. There are vocalizations for contact, reassurance, appeasement, solicitation, ambivalence, aggression and defense. Vocalizations are often combined into sequences. Contact calls may provide social functions. They sit around and chatter at each other, signifying to those around that they matter, in a way, to the individual “speaking”.
These guys are most commonly sighted near forest streams and human habitation. A nocturnal creature, it shelters during the day in a mesh of twigs on a tree branch, a tree hole, or an old bird’s nest. It eats insects, spiders, lizards, bird’s eggs, chicks, and fruits.
Like all crabs, these guys shed their shells as they grow. If they have lost legs or claws during their present growth cycle a new one will be present when they molt. If the large claw is lost, males will develop one on the opposite side after their next molt.
Although these animals are not classified as endangered, they are threatened by habitat destruction and poaching. The world population is estimated at 10,000–20,000. Conservation work in the Congo includes the continuing study of their behavior and lifestyle.
They are generally insectivores. They forage for meals by thrusting their snouts into loose soil and leaf litter and frantically digging in erratic patterns, stopping occasionally to dig up grubs, beetles, ants, termites, and worms, which their sensitive noses can detect through 8 inches of soil.
This species appears to prefer caves as roosting sites, but roosts in trees holes, buildings and bat boxes as well. The roosts in trees may be close to the ground. It hunts above woodland, often by day, and mostly for moths, gleaning insects from leaves and bark.
They are the world’s longest snakes and longest reptile, but are not the most heavily built. Like all snakes of this species, they are nonvenomous constrictors and normally not considered dangerous to humans. Although large specimens are powerful enough to kill an adult human, attacks are only occasionally reported.
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These insects thrive in the unique harsh desert and many species occur nowhere else on earth. So far their coastal region has escaped oil pollution and until recently the forbidding conditions prevented people from exploiting the land for grazing. However, diamond companies have begun to mine the dunes, which is certain to affect their habitat.