This is a common resident species of the open savanna country in Sub-Saharan Africa. It nests in trees, laying a single egg which is incubated by the female for 42 to 43 days, with a further 90 to 125 days until fledging. They pair for life, and will use the same nest for a number of years.
Many of these produce rasping sounds to repel predators. This is done by rubbing the “plectrum” at the base of their antennae against a “file”. The noise is produced by frictional vibrations – sticking and slipping, similar to rubber materials sliding against hard surfaces.
Greener upon Thames is a London, UK based non profit organization campaigning for a ban on plastic bags at the 2012 London Olympic and Paralympic Games at the Olympic Park and all Olympic venues. In the UK over 13 billion plastic bags are used each year, worldwide, that figure is closer to 500 billion and with evidence that plastic is now appearing in our food chain it’s a serious issue. Not to mention hundreds of thousands of animal deaths a year through plastic waste and the littering of our countries.
Ecological research of keystone species generates information to guide habitat conservation initiatives, as well as to promote education and local community participation. This will then lead to landscape conservation efforts that will ultimately influence decision- and policy-making. The research and conservation of keystone species can help design the necessary steps to safeguard a biome and influence policy-making. Tapirs are such a keystone species.
Today, because of overfishing in certain areas, these guys are forced to fly long distances to find food. They are exploited for many reasons. Their pouch is used to make tobacco bags, Their skin is turned into leather, the guano is used as fertilizer, and the fat of their young is converted into oils for traditional medicine in China and India.
These monkeys are predated by a variety of species of eagle and cat-like species like the Jaguar. Its main predator however, is humans, who hunt the species both for nutrition and for the illegal pet trade. Habitat encroachment is also threatening the survival of the species and it is believed that all these factors are the cause of the species recent decline.
Entanglement in fishing nets has caused many deaths, although there are no precise statistics. Most issues with industrial fishing occur in deeper waters where dugong populations are low, with local fishing being the main risk in shallower waters. As these guys cannot stay underwater for a very long period, they are highly prone to deaths due to entanglement.